Hard Disk

Hard disk failures are the most common computer hardware problems. And laptop hard disks fail more often than desktop HDs. If you knock hard or drop your laptop even a few inches while it’s working, you may damage the HD.

Symptoms:

  • The laptop starts as usual but when Windows starts to load it goes to blue screen with either “UNMOUNTABLE_BOOT_VOLUME”, “hal.dll is missing or corrupt” or “WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM” (or similar) is missing or corrupt. All these error messages indicate a filesystem problem. Sometimes it can be fixed by just scanning the HD for errors. However in over 50% of the cases these errors indicate that the HD is starting to go bad and is probably developing bad sectors.
  • The laptop starts as usual but Windows freezes on the initial “Windows XP” screen, although the blue bar continues to move, and you can hear feint but continuous clicking. Hard disk have to be replaced.
  • As soon as the laptop is started there are loud clicks or grinding sounds and Windows doesn’t load. Hard disk have to be replaced.
  • Shortly after starting the laptop a message appears (usually on a black screen) “SMART test failed. Backup your data immediately and replace the hard disk” or similar. Well, that says it all. S.M.A.R.T. is a self-test that is build into the hard disk.

In almost all cases the laptop can be started from a “live” bootable CD and everything works normal. In rare cases the HDs PCB (printed circuit board) may short or even burn. Then the laptop wouldn’t start unless the HD is removed.

Troubleshooting:

The first case from above (corrupted filesystem) is by far the most common. There are several ways of diagnosing and fixing the corrupted/missing files. If this was just a software problem, the hard disk will continue to work properly. However keep in mind that this may also be a signs of deterioration and backup daily!

Also the hard disk will need some preventive maintenance. Check it for errors every few days or at least every week. To do that you must be logged in an admin account, then right-click the “C” drive in “My Computer”, select “Properties”, then “Tools”, then click on the “Check Now” button. Select both boxes and click on “Start”. Windows will tell you that the hard disk cannot be checked now but you can schedule a check for the next restart. Click “OK” and restart the laptop. The check will take from about 30-40 min. to over 2 hours, so do it when you’re not planning to use the laptop for some time.

84 Comments

  • #84 by gordon October 26, 2014 at: 6:59 am

    I have a pc but I have bsod i want to format the hard drive for new install how can I do this please?? help

  • #83 by gordon October 26, 2014 at: 6:51 am

    i’am trying to fix my pc it has boss. I have used CHkdsk C: / F / r / x after it finished it said failed to transfer logged messages to the event log with status 50 can u help me please

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  • #81 by Dipendra September 20, 2014 at: 7:38 pm

    My HP printer 2515 deskjet ink advantage is not working recently. I stay in 6Park lane. Police housing estate, Officers qtr no 1. Ground floor northern block. If it is possible to send technician to my home than it would be so convienent because i have small baby only in my home. If it not possible than can U provide me the nearest service centre address/phone number from my home.

  • #80 by Dipendra September 20, 2014 at: 7:13 pm

    I am not been able to open my desktop feature while doing every thing also. Though there is written that if U press F2 & Enter the menu will display. If you will press F3 & Entet the popup will come i tried but its not coming or opening the desktop. Pls suggest me what to do.

  • #79 by Dipendra September 20, 2014 at: 5:21 pm

    My laptop is HCL ME it was working properly earlier but all of a certain. The problem started like when i turn on the switch button its not working only black images appears. I am try to boot the laptop its not happening. Sometimes it gives instruction to restore with the image which U have created earlier. Some how i did it but even then nothing is in progress..pls suggest me ehat can be done to make it work able.

  • #78 by yogesh verma September 20, 2014 at: 5:45 am

    Please help.
    I want to reformat the toshiba Satellite L40 model PSL40L 032003 into licensed windows XP OS. First, I enter F2 to go to BIOS and gone to Boot section and first boot the cd/dvd. Then, save the changes and turn off the power. When I turn on the power, it appears to insert the cd/dvd so I did. Then it appears the hardware configuration. BUT the next thing is .. it leaves black screen only.
    How will I make it to the reformat choices? pls help..
    Thank you so much

  • #77 by Yani September 14, 2014 at: 8:29 pm

    Please help.
    I want to reformat the toshiba Satellite L40 model PSL40L 032003 into licensed windows XP OS. First, I enter F2 to go to BIOS and gone to Boot section and first boot the cd/dvd. Then, save the changes and turn off the power. When I turn on the power, it appears to insert the cd/dvd so I did. Then it appears the hardware configuration. BUT the next thing is .. it leaves black screen only.
    How will I make it to the reformat choices? pls help..
    Thank you so much

  • #76 by srujana August 31, 2014 at: 5:09 am

    my laptop(windows7 32bit) is at risk it shows by USB scanning. it shows the virus path like this C:\\Windows\System32\ChgService.exe then what i have to do for that? please suggest me………..

  • #75 by elvis July 9, 2014 at: 1:51 am

    i have a hp pavilion dv6-6105si the laptop hangs when i play movies from the internal hardisk bt when i use an external one it plays fine. what might be the problem?